Title: Electro-optical orbit determination with using the COTS equipment
By Mojtaba Namvar
Supervisor: Dr. Mehran Mirshams
Advisors: Alireza Vafa
Chairmen: Dr. Hamed Alisadeghi (K. N. Toosi University of Technology), Dr. Alireza Basohbat Novinzad (K. N. Toosi University of Technology)
January 12, 2022
Determining the orbits of satellites is essential for planning and carrying out space projects. As in the past, the issue of determining the orbits of planets and objects in space has been considered by scientists, with the pervasiveness of space missions and the increase in the number of satellites, the need for continuous monitoring of space is increasingly considered by space organizations around the world. Also, in recent years, with the launch of satellite mega constellations and the stunning increase in the number of satellites in orbit, it has created a new challenge for astronomical observatories in imaging the night sky, which shows the importance of determining the position of satellites. In this dissertation, by examining the orbit determination methods, we have gone to the angle only orbit determination methods and using image processing algorithms, the data obtained from electro-optical instruments (including COTS) have tried to determine satellites’ orbit.